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Correctional Organization and Operation

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Correctional institutions are state departments such as prisons, established to rehabilitate criminals. These organizations have unique structure that distinguishes them from other state departments. This paper analyzes the structure of correctional institution from police departments.

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The organizational formation of correctional facilities has undergone remarkable reforms. Traditionally prisons and other correctional facilities had an autocratic control whereby the wardens were in charge of logistics and discipline of the workforce. Over time, correctional institutions have restructured their goals (Gaibnes & Miller, 2012). The institutions have changed from centers of punishment into correctional/educational organizations. Wardens head or oversee operations in a correctional facility (Peak, 2011). Ideally, the warden is in charge of daily operations, which involve hiring new personnel and/or implementing new policies. The deputy warden is second in command and assists the warden in running of the facilities. Security managers administer security issues involving contrabands materials and prison escort. These executive officers work alongside other clerical and support staff.

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Police departments have a devolved structure that enables them to fulfill their mandate. A typical police department has two fundamental organizational units that oversee operations and administration of the police department. The administrative unit manages professionalism and service delivery while the operational unit is concerned with patrol and investigative duties. Besides this organizational structure, the police departments have a unique command structure that is dependent on the rank of duty officers. The organizational structure of police department differs from that of correctional institutions based on duties and responsibility to the state (Peak, 2012). Indeed, the police departments have extended duties, hence the need for specialized personnel. Both the correctional facilities and police departments have a rank-based organizational structure. Specifically, assignment of duties depends on the ranks of duty officers. Unlike police departments, correctional institutions have a more centralized chain of command. In terms of decision making and dispute resolution, correctional facilities are more self-contained than police departments.

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