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Business Ethics in Healthcare

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Business ethics are concerned with activities that can result to civil action, breaking the criminal law by business work activities, and a bad image portrayed by business’ activity. It is thus, imperative for business public relation experts to guide employees for proper conduct; otherwise this could result to financial disaster resulting from civil suits and market share loss. The management of the company should take into consideration the demands and expectations of the stakeholders as a strategy in decision making.

Customers lose trust and commitment due to unethical business practices by withdraws of business engagements with the company. The demands of the customers are met as expected, and thus they will enforce their expectation in relation unethical behavior through the legal system. Lack fog social responsibility will create a negative image of the company and stakeholders will distance themselves from the company, hence its profitability are eroded through civil suits and customer base reduction in the long-run, as the profitability is short-term lead the business towing up operations.

Healthcare ethics

Inequality is a form of health injustice that affects the lives of those in need. In some contexts, Doctors and government personnel define need as the most pressing issue. Those with minor health needs are regarded as less needy, while those with more pressing issues are regarded as needy. Addressing this matter in terms of social justice and equity, everyone has the right to be treated and taken care of without regarding one minority group as less needy and another as much needy.

Justice in healthcare is hindered by age, ethnicity, gender, residence, and family considerations, when applied either at the funding or treatment levels. Personal and family histories are essentials of treatment that assist doctors and medical personnel to identify the cause and effects of a medical condition. Other reasons behind these are regarded as healthcare injustices. The medical personnel are obligated to taking full responsibility of treating and taking care of patients. The government, on the other hand, is supposed to fund healthcare projects and ensure that all have access to it without requirement of what their ethnicity or social statuses are (Fry, 1969).

Regarding the issue of unequal distribution of wealth and socioeconomically rewarding resources, justice and healthcare ethics can be observed, but the outcomes may differ. As a matter of logic, nurses agreeing as being obligated to care for a patient or the government, choosing to fund treatment equitably doesn’t mean healthcare. Given the number of people who die while at the waiting list for treatment; it is clear that justice is not only the access to a waiting line but rather access to immediate and reliable healthcare procedures (Irkman-Liff, 1991).

The government, just like the medical personnel, plays a major role in granting or denying healthcare justice to patients. The government’s involvement with healthcare budget allocation plays the role of granting or denying justice to the sick and the needy. As much as ‘less needy’ and ‘needy’ terms are used, the government is likely to result to curative measures to address a predicament of one state, while ignoring preventive measures of the same predicament to another state. The healthcare justice in budget allocation is supposed to address the health of the sick and the healthy. To the sick, the budget should be allocated in a way that medical response to the sick is quick and effective. To the healthy, the budget should make sure that they are well protected from acquiring the medical conditions the former group experiences (Ellman, 1990).

In healthcare, all players may participate by employing different strategies in order to meet the requirements of one another. These different strategies can tell whose interest one player is addressing. Some strategies can be disregarded as bluffs by one of the parties. Ethics of healthcare require that, having identified the problem and the persons faced by it, there must be a considerable capacity of benefit. Efforts can be made but without fruition of the indented objective. Capacity of benefit means that a patient or a group of patients should be given equal chances of accessing healthcare and that they should benefit from it equally (Nielsen, 1991).

Human Rights and human dignity are entities that medical practitioners, the government, and employers are obligated to protect. Ethics of healthcare and justice put the interests of the patient or the needy person before any other. One of the human rights that are mostly addressed by all these parties is the issue of life. Everyone has the right to live. However, the kind of life that one is entitled to live is not described in one clause of the law. The law and medicine, as a discipline, collaborate, when decisions are to be made regarding the right of living (Gastmans, 2006).

The law gives people the right of choice, but denies suicide. Medicine grants the rights of a patient to make choices but if the choices involve death it consults with the law. Given the diversity of choices that a patient can make and the type of response one can get, some patients choose to refuse medical intervention at will. If justice is to apply, the patient has the right to make that choice. On the other hand, despite putting the interests of the patient before any other, a nurse or medical personnel is obligated to observe law and its drift on the rights to life (Singer, 1993).

Treatment, unless offered as a form of first aid, always requires funding. Funding may be provided by an insurance company or by the individual. Healthcare ethics require that every dollar, spend on healthcare, should be reflected on the improvement of the patient. A relation between medical intervention and finance exists in that finance makes it possible for medical intervention to be facilitated. This facilitation is measured in terms of how well the intervention is conducted and how effective it is. As a matter of providing healthcare fairness, a medical practitioner is obligated to terminate treatment, if it proves futile. The patient has the right to know why treatment is terminated in order for him/her to choose whether to seek medical intervention elsewhere or be subjected to a different treatment at the same facility (Childress, 2009).

To conclude on healthcare ethics, one should understand the parties that play the biggest roles in hindering or providing fairness. Healthcare is not a responsibility of the patient and the doctor but the responsibility of all parties from the minister of finance through the minister of health to the staff in different healthcare facilities. Equitable allocation of funds and fair distribution of the funds are some of the ethics of justice. Provision of justice without the consideration of gender, social status, family size, and ethnicity is a form of exercising ethical practice (Tronto, 1993; Olsen, 1994).

Conclusion

Healthcare ethics aim at providing sustainable healthcare to patients. The role of doctors and other medical practitioners is to balance reasoning with obligation. The reasoning of one doctor is different from that of another. The same way, different healthcare professionals are faced by different challenges in their line of duty. It is through choosing to do the right thing or to live with the consequences of doing a different thing that enable ethics to prevail in the provision of healthcare (Williams, 1981). 

CONCLUSION

Healthcare ethics and justice ethics are similar to one another in that they both aim at providing sustainable healthcare to patients. The role of nurses and other medical practitioners is to balance reasoning with obligation. The reasoning of one nurse is different from that of another. The same way, different nurses are faced by different challenges in their line of duty. It is through choosing to do the right thing or to live with the consequences of doing a different thing that enable ethics to prevail in the provision of healthcare (Williams, 1987).

The government and employers will not take responsibility of deaths that occur due to unequal distribution of funds and resources. However, justice in healthcare is provided by these parties, when the distribution of the available resources is done fairly ensuring that there is a balance in terms of generational elevation without leaning on economical backgrounds of the society (Williams, 1987).

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