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HUM 213 Integrated Humanities Final Essay Questions

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Islam religion

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Islam has been regarded as one of the largest religions in the world today. The religion originates from the Middle East in towns of Mecca and Medina. After the death of Prophet Muhammad, Islam has spread, stretching from Persia to Egypt. At this point of the religion’s development, termed as the golden age of Islam, the religion gave rise to cultural and scientific centers and produced notable scientists, philosophers, astronomers, and mathematicians. The economy of the Islamic civilization continued to grow with the increase in the use of technology and an increase in literacy levels, which attributed to the importance of reading the Quran (Karim, 2000).

In the Middle Ages, the Islamic civilization was weakened due to the Mongol invasions and the loss of population in the Black Death. The Ottoman Empire, which was sustained by Islam later, conquered most of the Arabic-speaking regions and created an Islamic world power again. The religion is characterized by a rich culture among the believers, which has been observed to present day.

In the modern society, the media is very powerful as it has the ability to influence the world’s population in any subject matter. In this case, a number of stereotypes and misconceptions about the Islamic religion have been rooted in prejudice and ignorance. This can be attributed to the fact that there has been an increase in the number of terrorist attacks worldwide, giving the impression that the Islamic religion is “terroristic” and more than often giving false reports due to ignorance. The widespread lack of knowledge of the religion in the West contributes to such religious ideologies and fails to acknowledge that Islam teaches peace and does not promote any terrorist actions (Karim, 2000).

University of Bologna and CBU

The University of Bologna is one of the earliest types of medieval universities established in Italy for the study of arts, law, theology, medicine, and other liberal arts. The medieval universities evolved from Christian cathedral schools. The students in the university who mostly included foreigners originally hired scholars from the city to come and teach them. They would also often attempted to  enforce their demands that involved the content of the courses and even the pay for the professors who taught the courses.

The professors were kept on their toes as they could be hired and fired if they failed to complete course work or finish classes. The professors, however, established a College of Teachers that secured their rights. In the due course, this system was removed and professors were paid from the tax revenues collected, therefore making the university public. The university has become notable for teaching civil law and was fundamental in the development of Roman law.

California Baptist University is one of the top private Christian-based universities in the state, which offers studies on liberal arts. This can be attributed to the influence that the medieval universities have on CBU, as they are established on a strong Christian foundation.

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I would recommend CBU to work in the similar manner to the University of Bologna, as it allows the former to grow in terms of programs being offered, as well as students and the faculty itself. Working with such an esteemed university would only open doors for CBU in order to accomplish its desired mission and vision.

Effects of the bubonic plague and similarities in modern society

The Black Death or the Bubonic Plague was termed as one of the most devastating plagues in history, killing more than 75 million people in the 14th century. The outbreak began in China, which was one of the busiest trading civilizations, and spread the disease to Europe and Western Asia. The plague had a massive effect on different cultures and societies, mainly affecting art and literature. The works of famous writers and philosophers did not reach the majority of the population and therefore affected the continued growth and appreciation of literary works at the time (Cunningham, 2011). Prosecution among Jews, lepers, foreigners, and beggars increased as many religions thought that they were to blame for the disease since most healers had no explanation for the cause. The feudal system in England declined as the plague reduced the population and labor became quite valuable.

In today’s society, technology has revolutionized and reduced the effects of diseases in a society. This is because there are various methods of identifying the causes of the disease, as well as the curative and preventive measures (Cunningham, 2011).

Despite this fact, there are a number of similarities between the effects of the Bubonic plague in the 14th Century and the effects of modern day diseases and conditions. Today, diseases such as cancer and HIV/AIDS cause many deaths in the society and therefore reduce the labor force in a particular region. They also reduce the life expectancy of individuals in the society. This is similar to the effects of the bubonic plague as it reduced the labor force in Europe affecting its political and economic stand (Day, Bullock & Bull, 1989). Another effect of diseases in today’s society is stigmatization, where people are isolated and feel embarrassed for having the disease such as HIV/AIDS. During the bubonic plague, those who contracted the disease were isolated and stigmatized to prevent the disease from spreading to the rest of the society.

Renaissance man

The term Renaissance man or woman has been used to explain a cultured man or woman of the Renaissance or even the present day who is knowledgeable, sophisticated, educated, and skilled in a wide range of fields. One of the best examples of a Renaissance man is Leonardo da Vinci, who was a well-accomplished architect, designer, scientist, painter, and physiologist. Others include Galileo Galilei and Ben Franklin, who were prominent in a number of distinct fields (Heller, 1978).

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Today, however, very few people are able to sincerely bear the title of a Renaissance man or woman. With reference to Leonardo da Vinci, I would say that today’s sciences and arts seem to be on complete opposite sides of the spectrum, only proving that it is going to be very difficult to be a Renaissance man today. This is because of the rise in technology and knowledge today, as it takes quite a long time to specialize in a particular subject, making it very difficult to be a Renaissance man or woman today.

Despite this, I do think that the term “Renaissance man” can be applied today, but only if the meaning is expanded to refer to a person excelling in different interests rather than being an expert in several areas. By this, I mean excellence in one particular field and great achievement in another, which is a quality found in a number of people today. Today, an example of a Renaissance man is F. Musgrave, a surgeon, a professor of biophysics and physiology, mathematician, and a marine.

The state of being a Renaissance man is one that I desire. This is because it shows great skill and knowledge of diverse subjects and that is very admirable. With the passing of time, it is going to get harder to be a Renaissance man or woman, as more people are content with specialization of one skill and becoming great in that particular skill. Being a renaissance man will enable one to achieve their full potential, find their purpose and even attain self-actualization.

Effects of historical European actions

History spells out that the Europeans had conquered both African and American regions for a number of centuries but later issued independence to all the states after they struggled to gain and maintain their freedom (Rudich, 1993).These and other historical events have shaped different regions and cultures all over the world. My family is comprised of a combination of cultures as my mother’s family is from Czechoslovakia, while my father’s family is from German, English, and Native American descent. My mother’s side of the family has more influence on my life today as we observe some of the traditional cultures from Czechoslovakia.

When the Europeans conquered most of the countries, they did so while spreading their religion, that is, Christianity. The main religion in Czechoslovakia which is in Europe is Christianity and especially with most of the population being Roman Catholic. As mentioned before, my mother’s family has a great influence on me and hence my Christian religion. Roman Catholics are known to be very reserved, especially in their behavior and mannerisms, as they observe their religion.

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