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Manhattan Project

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Scientific knowledge can serve not only for noble and humane targets but for barbaric goals, too. It all depends on whose hands the science is in and what the main reason of using it is. During the years that separate us from the day when the first atomic bomb exploded, the story of its creation has had time to grow into a legend. The creation of the nuclear weapons and their usage has been driven by the desire to rise to a new step in mastering the perfect method of destruction. The paradox is that the first usage of these weapons has put an end to the last world war, and, for some reason, still did not allow starting the next one. As with any event, the creation of nuclear weapons has its history.

There are few main reasons why the American government started the researches on the atomic bomb. First of all, it was the Pearl Harbor Attack and second, the information about the German investigation in the nuclear weapon field. By the order of the U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the greatest minds of that time were gathered, and they created the most secret, powerful, and dangerous “Manhattan Project”. The main goal of engineers was to create the nuclear bomb as quickly as possible and therefore, Mr. Roosevelt gave the unlimited funds for the researches. There were many plants built, on which plutonium and uranium for the development of the atomic weapon were created. The whole scientific cities, such as: Oak Ridge, Los Alamos, Argonne, Hanford were built, where hundreds thousands of scientists were working on the development of the nuclear bomb.  Nevertheless, everything was so censored that even most of the employees did not have the slightest idea what they were working on. They were not allowed to tell anything about their work to anybody, so no one would be able to put all of the gathered information together and understand that the weapon of mass destruction was being created.

Despite the difficulties with the production of plutonium and uranium, on the 25th of April, 1945, the President of the United States of America, Harry S. Truman was informed that bombs were ready for the actions. On July 16, 1945, in Alamogordo, New Mexico, the atomic bomb with the codename "The Gadget" was tested. When the bomb exploded, the observers of the explosion saw an unusual and frightening scene: a radioactive cloud in the shape of a huge mushroom covered the sky. The bomb was 2,000 times greater than the most powerful ones that have ever existed.

On August 6, 1945, the nuclear bomb “Little Boy” was dropped on the Japanese city Hiroshima. The bomb killed 70,000 people and destroyed twelve square kilometers of the city. Despite these circumstances, Japan still did not want to admit the surrounded position. In response to this, the U.S. dropped another bomb called “Fat Man”. On August 9, 1945, in Nagasaki, Japan, the second explosion happened that caused almost 35,000 deaths, and almost half of the city was destroyed.  

In outline, the total cost of the nuclear bombs was approximately $20 billion, and it took the lives of over 300,000 souls.

Hiroshima and Nagasaki are a warning for the future. Humanity cannot be allowed to decide whether there will be war or not. In the modern age the matters of war and peace have no place for eventualities. The crime against the whole humanity, senseless to solve the  international disputes and political conflicts, nuclear war, was only a policy of national suicide for those who would dare to unleash it.

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