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The Nature of Evil

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In Plato's theory of natural states, it is said that "certain individuals are naturally possessed of an inexplicable capacity for evil." This line makes people think about the vital question of the balance between good and evil as a natural process of harmonizing life on the Earth. This occurs not only in fiction, but in the real world, as well. This paper focuses on supporting the arguments towards this point of view.

The majority of people lacks a sense of permanence, thus, they can change their views in a flash, but the fact remains: the human nature has not changed and remains the same. Meanwhile, innate beliefs remain the same, ground rules remain in effect. The original identity and original intentions of a man in terms of himself and others are based on the desire for justice and survival. 

Can one say that all people are born good and explain the aggressiveness and propensity for violence of individuals by means of external factors: the lack of education, circumstances of life, social relations? This approach removes the personal responsibility for your own self. In fact, the set of socio-psychological characteristics of people has remained unchanged for thousands of years. Man is not born purely good or bad. From birth, each person possesses good and bad traits. The education, conditions and circumstances of life can strengthen or weaken the individual features, but cannot eliminate them completely. Such an approach, addressing the causes of evil in humans, suggests that the presence of anti-social personalities in society is not only natural, but also indestructible. Society and every individual should focus on eliminating and minimizing the inevitable evil. Modern researches conducted by sociologists in Italy, USA, Russia, Germany and other countries clearly show that any sufficiently large labor collective somehow contains about 25% good, reliable, creative and active workers, about 50% of the average on this score and about 25% of workers, who are likely to be a "headache" for leaders (Stephens).

In the first half of the 19th century, the problem of cleansing society from criminal personalities was tried to be solved in Great Britain. It was decided to banish criminals, rapists, repeat offenders, alcoholics and the like in Australia for the permanent settlement. It was a large-scale, long-term and substantially expensive operation. Criminals from the prisons of England itself and its colonies were removed on tens of thousands of ships to the edge of the world, with no hope of ever returning to their homeland. Criminals under the supervision and administration of the reliable protection built settlements for themselves, laid foundations for the future production, engaged in agriculture, raised families and had children.

The historical experience of England sheds light on the question whether such qualities of the human soul, including aggressiveness, can be transmitted by heredity. If the quality of these "dregs of society" passed on, one can imagine how terrible would be the decade’s Australian society. However, the fact is that now, it is no worse than any other community, although the ancestors of most of the current Australian citizens were rapists and murderers. Therefore, the tendency to aggression and violence is not inherited (Tucker).

What about England? It hoped to become "sterile", but this plan did not materialize in the end; it has a layer of anti-social personalities, as well as other countries.

Why is this man a terrorist and not the other? Why is this man a serial killer, not his neighbor? Why is this person a rapist of children or women and not the other? These and similar questions can be answered by analyzing the most of their internal, inherent properties and not in external conditions and circumstances. 

There is a need to get used to the idea that in any society, at any stage of its development, no matter how far ahead one looks, there will always be a layer of people, who are from birth violent and aggressive, targeted for the violence and deceit. This layer, depending on social processes and historical circumstances, can become wider or narrower, but it was, is and always will be. The conclusion seems to be too pessimistic and depressing, but the bitter truth is more preferable than a relaxing illusion (Koehn).    

Therefore, society must learn to live with this layer. This means that learning to recognize these people from childhood provides everyone, especially the youth, with a wide range of possibilities for the sublimation of the aggressive energy, as well as the minimization, by all means, of the necessary evil that comes from this section of the population what is the state, as advised by  Freud (Sagan).

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