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The book of James that was written by James who refers to himself as a follower of God and Jesus Christ draws his message from psalms 15(using our faith to live the life called) and Mathew, chapter 5 to 7. He presented the message as a letter to the Jewish Christians who got persecuted for their faith and to all God’s people distributed all over the world. The message tells us that God hates pride, teaches us; how to repent, not to judge and never to plan ahead without God.
In James 4:1-6, human beings love competition and fight but God has a higher calling for them. Their desires conflict with other people and bring interpersonal conflict are also at conflict with what God wants. Lust controls them hording what they have and coveting what others have which is termed as adultery by James. ‘Wars is a hyperbole’ it is exaggerated meaning great military campaigns. We are at war means we are right but in reality we are wrong and adultery means spiritual betrayal. In the context it means wars of desires wavering between options. When we are only concerned with pleasing ourselves and living our good way of life we miss out what God has for us. Earthly desires develop more and more each day which are not satiable. God will only increase our faith when we depend more on Him and less on ourselves (Raymond, 1997).
In James 4:7-10, James shows us direction. We need to humble ourselves before God and resist the devil for we cannot serve both. God wants us to repent, get right with Him and lead not a double life. This passage asks a question “are we resisting God or resisting the devil?” the answer is on how we are with our attitudes and mindsets. Vs 8: how do I maintain my direction in life .the answer is in the direction you are facing. Drawing near to God means purification and establish a relationship with God. Vs 9-10 James is telling them that God hates pride, worldliness but loves humility. This passage is a guide to repentance. God tells us what to do and what not to do. The call for us is to submit, come near, cleanse, purify, grieve, mourn and have humility. Each person leads to a closer relationship with God. We need to stop manipulating God grant us our desires and needs and concentrate on how we are to give Him worship and praise in total trust and total devotion (Raymond, 1997).
In James 4:11-12 James tells us to hear and heed. Some people like convicting the good doers with wrong allegations, slander and gossip with the intention of pulling them down yet God says never judge. In Vs 11 James examines himself as a church leader and urges people to speak positive because it’s a true reflection of one’s true self. When we criticize others we end up criticizing God’s law, plan and purpose in other persons. Vs 12 only God alone is the qualified judge; He can save or condemn. God has everyone’s plan and power to carry out judgement and when we judge others we put ourselves in His seat (Barton, 1998).
In James 4:13-17, we should not plan ahead without God. “Today or tomorrow” philosophically means having no control of the future. In today’s world people are still most competing for earthly treasures by killing each other so as to achieve wealth. Moreover in every country there are different classifications of people according to their wealth: poor middle class and the wealthy (Raymond, 1997).
An interpreter in exegetical process must be able to accommodate different cultures, know many languages, have historical exegesis and have propositional revelation of the truth. Interpreter’s role is to affirm guaranteed true and trustworthy matters on what biblical authors spoke and wrote and that the Scripture is entirely free from fraud or deceit. They must have Biblical inerrancy, influence postmodernism and bring revelation to the scriptures (Barton, 1998).
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